This program deals with the confrontations which exemplified Africa’s mix of indigenous, Arab, and Western forces. In Kenya, white settlers reserved about 30% of Kenya’s most fertile lands. The Mau-Mau’s, also in Kenya, fused religion with patriotism. Jomo Kenyatta, alleged founding father of Mau-Mau was imprisoned, but survived. He led Kenya to liberation while being forgiving to the white settlers.
In Nigeria, the Yoruba, Hausa, and Ibo all share the same nation. Mazrui presents Nigeria as the example of the arbitrary partitioning of Africa by the imperial powers. The Northern Hausa have received traditional Muslim education. The Southern Ibo have received Western education. In Hausaland, the Ibo took the technical jobs and prospered. In 1966, there was an Ibo-led military coup. In revenge, Hausa killed many Ibo. Thus, many Ibo people returned to Igboland. Ibo then seceded from Nigeria, creating their own nation, Biafra. A civil war ensued, called the Biafra war. One reason for the war was the fact that petroleum was in Biafra. The British and the Arabs supported the federal side. Biafra survived longer than expected because the French, Chinese, and Israelis backed Biafra. Nevertheless, Biafran starvation claimed as many lives as the fighting. When Biafra surrendered, the victors did not gloat.
In South Africa, there are 500,000 Muslims. There is also apartheid where a white minority rules a black majority. The power of South Africa lies in its mineral wealth. The South African economy is integrated into the world economy. Mazrui wonders if economic sanctions can force the white minority to accept black majority rule without a bloody war. Mazrui sees South Africa as Africa’s last chapter about the end of white rule in Africa.
In Algeria, white settlers saw Algeria as part of France. The Algerian war was France’s “dirtiest war of the twentieth century.” One million Algerians were killed. When it became clear that France was going to lose to Algeria, the white settlers destroyed the infrastructure and departed.
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- Lifelong Learning and Adult Online and Distance Education – May 2022 Workshop Opportunity
- 24 May 2022
Time10 am to 2pm EDT
- 10:00 am